Top Level Elements
The Loader Component
The Loader element represents the web
application class loader that will be used to load Java
classes and resources for your web application. Such
a class loader must follow the requirements of the Servlet
Specification, and load classes from the following locations:
- From the
/WEB-INF/classes directory inside your
- From JAR files in the
inside your web application.
- From resources made available by Catalina to all web
A Loader element MAY be nested inside a Context
component. If it is not included, a default Loader configuration will be
created automatically, which is sufficient for most requirements.
For a more in-depth description of the class loader hierarchy
that is implemented by Catalina, see the ClassLoader HowTo.
The description below uses the variable name $CATALINA_BASE to refer the
base directory against which most relative paths are resolved. If you have
not configured Tomcat for multiple instances by setting a CATALINA_BASE
directory, then $CATALINA_BASE will be set to the value of $CATALINA_HOME,
the directory into which you have installed Tomcat.
All implementations of Loader
support the following attributes:
Java class name of the implementation to use. This class must
If not specified, the standard value (defined below) will be used.
true if you want the class loader to follow
the standard Java2 delegation model, and attempt to load classes from
parent class loaders before looking inside the web
application. Set to
false (the default) to have the
class loader look inside the web application first, before asking
parent class loaders to find requested classes or resources.
true if you want Catalina to monitor classes in
changes, and automatically reload the web application if a change
is detected. This feature is very useful during application
development, but it requires significant runtime overhead and is
not recommended for use on deployed production applications. You
can use the Manager web
application, however, to trigger reloads of deployed applications
NOTE - The value for this property will be
inherited from the
reloadable attribute you set on
the surrounding Context component,
and any value you explicitly set here will be replaced.
The standard implementation of Loader is
It supports the following additional attributes (in addition to the
common attributes listed above):
Java class name of the
implementation class to use. If not specified, the default value is
loaderClass implementations must extend
true if you want repositories outside
be searched first. Default value is
This implementation of Loader is
WebappLoader and supports the following
Additional repositories to search for resources.
Multiple values can be joined using
as a separator.
Leading and trailing whitespaces in values are ignored.
If a value does not point to an existing directory or
*.jar file, it is silently skipped.
Diagnostic messages can be seen if you enable debug logging for
the VirtualWebappLoader class.
true if you want the virtual
class path to be searched before
Default value is
If searched before, resources located in the virtual
class path take precendence over resources with the same
name contained in the webapp.